“The Ethiopian-Eritrean war came largely as a surprise to most outsiders. There had been a general consensus that Ethiopia's acceptance of Eritrean independence, de facto in 1991 and de jure in 1993, had resolved one of the major causes of regional instability and conflict in the Horn of Africa. The bloody fighting has demonstrated just how wrong this was.This book sets out to explain just why this happened and to demonstrate that the conflict had a much wider genesis than the flare up of fighting at Badme in May 1998. It succeeds admirably. Indeed a major strength of this book is the account of the historical context, and the slow build-up to the fighting.”
The war between Eritrea and Ethiopia, which began in May 1998, took the world by surprise. During the war, both sides mobilized huge forces along their common borders and spent several hundred million dollars on military equipment. Outside observers found it difficult to evaluate the highly polarized official statements and proclamations issued by the two governments in conflict.
Brothers at War presents important, contextual aspects to explain the growing discord between the two formerly friendly governments. It looks at the historical relations between the two countries since the late nineteenth century, the historical border issues from local perspectives, and the complicated relations between the former liberation fronts that subsequently formed the current governments of the two countries.
Tekaste Negash is Associate Professor in Modern History at Dalerna University College, Sweden. More info →
Kjetil Tronvoll is Research Fellow and Horn of Africa Programme Director at the Norwegian Institute of Human Rights, University of Oslo. More info →
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This book looks at the microfoundations of poverty in the developing world and in particular those present in property rights. The local institutions that govern land access are fundamental in affecting the distribution of wealth in a society. Property rights matter because they affect political development and economic growth. Development economists and policy makers often work on the assumption that property rights evolve from collective to more specified systems.
Bounded by Sudan to the west and north, Kenya to the south, Somalia to the southeast, and Eritrea and Djibouti to the northeast, Ethiopia is a pivotal country in the geopolitics of the region. Yet it is important to understand this ancient and often splintered country in its own right.In A History of Modern Ethiopia, Bahru Zewde, one of Ethiopia’s leading historians, provides a compact and comprehensive history of his country, particularly the last two centuries.
In 1991 the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF) took over Asmara and completed the liberation of Eritrea; formal independence came two years later after a referendum in May 1993. It was the climax of a thirty-year struggle, though the EPLF itself was formed only in the early 1970s.From the beginning, Eritrean nationalism was divided. Ethiopia’s appeal to a joint Christian imperial past alienated the Muslim pastoral lowland people in the areas where Eritrean nationalism first appeared.
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