Hundreds of thousands of prisoners were incarcerated in camp around the world during World War II. And individuals from all walks of life joined international organizations like the Red Cross, churches, and other religious groups to help counter the hopelessness of camp life. One of these was Chris Christiansen, who had just graduated from Theological School at Copenhagen University when he took a position with the World’s Alliance of the YMCAs to work with the British, American, and other Allied prisoners of war in Germany. The next seven years were, for him, “an amazing experience.” The prisoners faced cold, starvation, loneliness, deprivation and cruel and arbitrary treatment. Those who served among them—unrecognized in the headlines or history text—worked tirelessly and patiently to relieve the conditions of the prisoners as much as possible.
Christiansen, who was also arrested in Berlin and imprisoned in Moscow, experienced this grim aspect of warfare from both sides. His story pays tribute to the prisoners, to the relief workers, to the churches and other service organizations, and to “that part of the human spirit” that sustained them through this dark period in our collective past.
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In 1500 Malay Malacca was the queen city of the Malay Archipelago, one of the great trade centers of the world. Its rulers, said to be descendents of the ancient line of Srivijaya, dominated the lands east and west of the straits. The Portuguese, unable to compete in the marketplace, captured the town.
Asian Studies · Southeastern Asia · Malaysia · 18th century · 17th century · European History · Asian History · International History · History · Business and Economics · Southeast Asian Studies · Asia
This is a study of the African veterans of a European war. It is a story of men from the Cote d'Ivoire, many of whom had seldom traveled more than a few miles from their villages, who served France as tirailleurs (riflemen) during World War II. Thousands of them took part in the doomed attempt to hold back the armies of the Third Relch in 1940; many were to spend the rest of the war as prisoners in Germany or Occupied France.
Eldest daughter of eight children, the author grew up in Surakarta, Java, in what is now Indonesia. In the months following the bombing of Pearl Harbor, however, Dutch nationals were rounded up by Japanese soldiers and put in internment camps. Her father and brother were sent to separate men’s camps, leaving the author, her mother, and the five younger children in the women’s camp.
Asian Studies · Southeastern Asia · Indonesia · Java · Women’s Studies · Biography · Literary Studies · Asian History · International History · History · Gender Studies · Southeast Asian Studies · Asia