T.L. Maliyamkono is one of the authors of The Challenge for Tanzania's Economy (1986) and is Professor of the Economics of Education and Director of the Eastern and Southern African Universities Research Project (ESAURP) in the University of Dar es Salaam.
Every country has its second, underground, unofficial, irregular or parallel economy. By their nature they are hidden and defy accurate and formal measurement. They provoke conceptual and definitional arguments among analysts. There has recently been a surge of interest; anecdote, newspaper reports and ‘educated guesses’ have increasingly been replaced by serious analysis. However, most of the new generation of studies are of developed economies.