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Lowell J. Satre

Lowell J. Satre is emeritus professor of history at Youngstown State University, in Youngstown, Ohio. He is author of Thomas Burt, Miners’ MP, 1837–1922: The Great Conciliator.

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Listed in: Global Issues · Slavery and Slave Trade · International History

Cover of 'Chocolate on Trial'

Chocolate on Trial
Slavery, Politics, and the Ethics of Business
By Lowell J. Satre

At the turn of the twentieth century, Cadbury Bros. Ltd. was a successful, Quaker-owned chocolate manufacturer in Birmingham, England, celebrated for its model village, modern factory, and concern for employees. In 1901 the firm learned that its cocoa beans, purchased from Portuguese plantations on the island of São Tomé off West Africa, were produced by slave labor.

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