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Kenneth King

Kenneth King is a professor of international and comparative education and the director of the Centre of African Studies in the University of Edinburgh.

Listed in: History · African Studies · Sociology · African History · Business and Economics

Cover of 'Jua Kali Kenya'

Jua Kali Kenya
Change and Development in an Informal Economy, 1970–1995
By Kenneth King

Kenya was where the term “informal sector” was first used in 1971. During the 1980s the term “jua kali”—in Swahili “hot sun”—came to be used of the informal sector artisans, such as carworkers and metalworkers, who were working under the hot sun because of a lack of premises. Gradually it came to refer to anybody in self-employment. And in 1988 the government set up the Jua Kali Development Programme.

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