Ingo Trauschweizer is an associate professor in the Department of History at Ohio University and an affiliate at the Contemporary History Institute. He is the author of The Cold War U.S. Army: Building Deterrence for Limited War. His articles have appeared in the Journal of Military History, Cold War History, and other journals of history and politics.
At the end of World War II, the Allies were unanimous in their determination to disarm the former aggressor Germany. As the Cold War intensified, however, the decision whether to reverse that policy and to rearm West Germany led to disagreements both within the US government and among members of the nascent NATO alliance.
In case studies from the former Yugoslavia, Somalia, Iraq, and Colombia, Failed States and Fragile Societies argues that early intervention to stabilize social, economic, and political systems offers the greatest promise, whereas military intervention at a later stage is both costlier and less likely to succeed.