New Approaches to Midwestern Studies
Paul Finkelman, President William McKinley
Distinguished Professor of Law
Albany Law School
80 New Scotland Ave
Ablany, NY 12208
L. Diane Barnes
Department of History
Youngstown State University
One University Plaza, Youngstown, OH 44555
The story of Margaret Garner—the runaway slave who, when confronted with capture, slit the throat of her toddler daughter rather than have her face a life in slavery—has inspired Toni Morrison’s Beloved, a film based on the novel starring Oprah Winfrey, and an opera.
The Patrons of Husbandry—or the Grange—is the longest-lived US agricultural society and, since its founding shortly after the Civil War, has had immeasurable influence on social change as enacted by ordinary Americans. The Grange sought to relieve the struggles of small farmers by encouraging collaboration. Pathbreaking for its inclusion of women, the Grange is also well known for its association with Gilded Age laws aimed at curbing the monopoly power of railroads.