Not White Enough, Not Black Enough
Racial Identity in the South African Coloured Community

By Mohamed Adhikari

“Marginality placed severe limitations on possibilities for social and political action. It put the Coloured community at the mercy of a ruling establishment that was generally unsympathetic and that usually acted in prejudicial, and sometimes even malicious, ways.”

From the Introduction

“The book is one of the few that examines in detail various aspects of Coloured people’s history, including the disconcerting and discomfiting aspects of Coloured identity rarely discussed in other texts.… A well-written and strongly argued book with original, stimulating and thought-provoking ideas.”


“Adhikari succeeds in offering one of the most accessible frameworks for organizing the history behind Coloured identity to date. He does so without reducing the complexity that is the sine qua non of this category.”

International Journal of African Historical Studies

The concept of Colouredness—being neither white nor black—has been pivotal to the brand of racial thinking particular to South African society. The nature of Coloured identity and its heritage of oppression has always been a matter of intense political and ideological contestation.

Not White Enough, Not Black Enough: Racial Identity in the South African Coloured Community is the first systematic study of Coloured identity, its history, and its relevance to South African national life. Mohamed Adhikari engages with the debates and controversies thrown up by the identity’s troubled existence and challenges much of the conventional wisdom associated with it. A combination of wide-ranging thematic analyses and detailed case studies illustrates how Colouredness functioned as a social identity from the time of its emergence in the late nineteenth century through its adaptation to the postapartheid environment.

Adhikari demonstrates how the interplay of marginality, racial hierarchy, assimilationist aspirations, negative racial stereotyping, class divisions, and ideological conflicts helped mold people’s sense of Colouredness over the past century. Knowledge of this history, and of the social and political dynamic that informed the articulation of a separate Coloured identity, is vital to an understanding of present-day complexities in South Africa.

Mohamed Adhikari lectures in the Department of Historical Studies, University of Cape Town. His books include “Let Us Live for Our Children”: The Teachers’ League of South Africa, 1913–1940, and he coedited South Africa's Resistance Press: Alternative Voices in the Last Generation under Apartheid (Ohio, 2000).

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In Series

Research in International Studies, Africa Series, № 83

Related Subjects

African Studies · Africa · Race and Ethnicity · Apartheid · South Africa · Monograph · Southern Africa · African History · History · 20th century



Retail price: $29.95, S.
Release date: Nov. 2005
264 pages · 5½ × 8½ in.
Rights: World


Release date: Nov. 2005
Rights: World